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1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND
INFORMATION:

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1.1.1
MORINGA OLEIFERA

Moringa Oleifera belongs to the family of Monogeric and it is widely
cultivated. The Moringaceae is present in the tracks of Himalia including Pakistan,
India, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. It grows so rapidly and it is also called
(benzolive tree, tree of drumstick , horseradish tree, moonga, saijhan,
mulangay). In the ancient, Moringa
Oleifera was also utilized by Greeks, Egyptian and Romans..

 But now due to its thousands of
benefits it is utilized by all over the world and it is cultivated in many
other countries due to its medicinal effect and people use it more and more. Moringa Oleifera
has the never ending, continual and never changing soft wood tree of low
quality of timber which is widely uses as the medicinal and industrial uses.
Now a days Moringa Oleifera is widely grow in India , Pakistan, tropical Asia, America
Philippines, Sudan, west , pacific Island, east Aferica and Florida.

Moringa Oleiferais all parts are edible so it is consumed by humen. The other uses of Moringa are following:

·        
animal
forage

·        
crushed
leaves use for domested use

·        
powder seeds
use as clarifier for honey and cane juice

·        
 used for the growth of plants,

·        
biopesticide
usage

·        
 used for pulp (wood)

·        
Bark  Used in the rope

·        
 Gums and barks rich source for the tannins

·        
Dry and
powder seeds used for water filteraton

·        
 Its oil has no stickness. Prevent from
oxidation. So some time use in salad dressing, cosmetics and perfumes.

·        
gum
also extracted from its trunks

.

Moringa Oleferia also used for the combat malnutrition. The
three nongovernmental Organization “World Church service”, “Educational Service
For Hunger Organization” and

 “Trees for Life publically
recommend Moringa as the “Natural Nutrition For The Tropics”. Moringaparts can
be eaten as cooked, fresh, and dried. After drying it is stable without the
refrigeration and has long shelf life and its nutrients do not loss during
storage.

Researches told the Moringa contain more calcium then milk, more  vitamin A then carrots, more iron then the
spinach, more vitamin C then oranges and more potassium then bananas. In Pakistan
and in India it is used for the medicinal purposes which are given bellow:,

·        
anxiety,

·        
anemia

·        
 blackheads,

·        
blood impurities

·        
asthama

·        
bronchitis

·        
 catarrh

·        
 chest congestion

·        
 Cholera

·        
Conjunctivitis

·        
Cough

·        
 Diarrhea

·        
 eye infection

·        
 ear infections

·        
 Fever

·        
swelling

·        
 headaches

·        
 abnormal blood pressure,

·        
Joints ache

·        
pimples

·        
respiratory disorders

·        
 scurvy

·        
semen deficiency

·        
 sore throat

·        
Tuberculosis

·        
skin infections

·        
sores and so on.

 

This figure shows that
and researches also proved that Moringa leaves has those bioactive and
functional compounds which prevents from many diseases.

1.1.2  BLACK PLUM SEEDS:

Jamun (Syzygiumcumini
(L.)Skeels, Myrtaceae) also known as black plum seeds, Damson plum, Malabar
plum Duhat plum and  Portuguese plum. It
is a tropical tree with ever green leaves and mostly cultivated in India,
Pakistan, Nepal, Philippines, Srilanka and Indonesia. It has a sweet bitter
taste and highly contains nutrients sources such as carotene, phosphorus, iron,
magnesium, calcium, potassium and vitamin C also present in rich amount. The
ripe fruit also used in making jellies, squashes, wine, preservatives and
healthy drinks. 

Different parts of the
jambolan were also reported for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, ,
anti-microbial, and antifungal, anti-bacterial, anti-ulcerogenic anti-HIV,
nitric oxide scavenging, antifertility free radical scavenging,  anti-diarrheal, , anorexigenic, and
redioprotective activities.

 The plant is rich in compounds containing glycosides,
anthocyanins, isoquercetin, kaemferol,ellagic acid, and myrecetin. The
seed contains alkaloid, jambosine,  jambolin or antimellin and glycoside which
promote the conversion of starch into glucose. From its seeds volatile oil also
extracted which has the pharmaceutical effects. Research advocated that its
seeds the beneficial effects which prevents from the diabetic mellitus.

Traditionally Jamun fruit, bark, seed and leaves has the pharmaceutical
effects. It contains carbohydrates and tannins which prevents from dysentery.
Glycoside contain in higher amount in jamun which shows the antidiabatic
effect.  It lowers the blood glucose
level, delay the complication of having diabetes,its contains those compounds which
delay the complication of diabetes such ascorilagin, gallic acid, ellagitannins
(ETs),  ellagic acid (EA),
4,6-hexahydroxy diphenoyl glucose, 1- galloylglucose, 3,6-hexa hydroxyl
diphenoyl glucose 3-galloylglucose. This rich compounds has the anti diabetic
activity.

1.1.3
BREAD STICKS:

Bread sticks are the pencil shaped sticks made up of
dry matters of wheat, yeast, sugar, milk powder and fat. It is hard not soft as
bread. It was starting to consumed by the 14th century. And eat as
the appetizer and snacks. The bread stick was invented by the Italian baker
LanzoTorinese in 1679. Bread sticks majorly consumed in Italy and north America
as the appetizer with the cheese and garlic sauce. And some time it is served
as the dessert item with the sugar icing, cinnamon icing and honey topping.

Bread sticks sold in market as the pre meal and
dried bread sticks as the use for the home as the pre meal appetizer and as the
crackers.

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