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Adoption is an amazing way to expand your family.  Countless couples and families are unable to produce their own  children meaning they are infertile.  Adoption is the capability to give any couple or family a chance to develop their family.  Infertility is a couples inability to get pregnant after a year or two of trying.  Infertility also refers to the biological inability to carry a pregnancy to full term, also known as a miscarriage.  “According to The Mayo Clinic, the United States has about 20% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the man, about 40% to 50% of cases of infertility are due to a problem in the woman, and about 30% to 40% of cases of infertility are due to problems in both the man and the woman.” (Infertility: Causes, Diagnosis, Risks, Treatments)  Adoption can benefit society in many different ways. It can give a child a forever home, create a positive impact on the child’s life, and ensure that many human beings have a chance of enjoying life with love and affection. There are many factors that can contribute to infertility.  Age is just one of these many factors.  Infertility starts to increase for a woman when she is about thirty-two years old.  For a man on the other hand, he is usually less fertile after the age of forty.  Another contributor to infertility is smoking.  It significantly increases infertility in both partners.  Being obese or overweight are often found to be the number one causes of female infertility.  Women who are seriously underweight may have fertility problems as well.  Also a woman who exercises everyday may have difficulties getting pregnant.  Sexually transmitted diseases can damage a man and woman’s reproductive organs.  Studies indicate that mental stress may have some sort of impact on the infertility of men and women.   Adoption usually involves three parties- the children, the adoptive parents, and the biological parents.  All three parties have much to gain from the process.  Adoption enables the lives of many children to be transformed.  Adopted children have the ability to live in a home with loving parents and a stable relationship. Although adoption is well worth the benefits, it does take a long time to complete the process.  The process is broken down into ten steps.  The first step is to learn about adoption. Every adoption is unique and has its own story.  There are many types of adoptions, such as domestic or international, baby or older child, private adoption or foster care, or open or closed adoption.  It is very important to know what kind of adoption would best suit you and your family. Once you decide the type of adoption is best for you, understand the costs of it.  The cost of the adoption will vary depending on which adoption you choose, the state you live in, the state the birth mother lives in, and the adoption professional you choose.  While financing your expenses, you should choose an adoption professional.  While researching all options for your adoption professionals, it is important to know that not all professionals will provide you with the same service.  The difference between most agencies is that some will handle the adoption process completely while others may only handle certain parts. After you choose your professional, start working with them.  You will do a lot of paperwork or an adoption application.  The application will ensure that you meet all the requirements to adoption before moving on to the next steps.  When filling out the application, you will create your adoption plan, which is a blueprint that will show you what your journey to adoption should look like.  To create your adoption plan, take into consideration your needs and preferences.  You will also create an Adoptive Parent profile that will be seen by potential birth parents.   Since you have chosen your adoption professional, you will need to complete a home study.  Adoptive parents must complete a home study in order to adopt a child.  The purpose of these are to educate and prepare the adoptive parents and family. They ensure that the family is capable and suitable of having a child.  The adopting parents get interviewed and visited to ensure that their home will be a healthy environment from their new child. Depending on your adoption choice, you will need to find a birth mother or view a list of waiting children.  Once a birth parent chooses you, the adoption opportunity will be presented to you.  If  you accept it, the adoption process will move on to the next steps.  It is not unusual for the birth parent to want to get to know the adopting parents so they will feel more comfortable and confident in their decision as the baby’s biological parents.  Before the birth of the baby, you will want to prepare as much as you can for the new member of your family to make their appearance into your home. Preparing for a baby means doing everything you can to make sure you have everything that they will need in order to care for them.  You will need all the proper supplies.  The supplies include nutritional foods, medication, and furniture designed for your child.  The supplies should be appropriate for the age of your child.  After carefully preparing for your baby, you will soon receive a call telling you that your child has arrived or that your birth mother is in labor.  Your adoption team will make sure that everything that happens at the hospital, during and after the birth, will go smoothly so that you can enjoy all the time you could want with your newest addition.  When the baby is ready to leave the hospital, your adoption professional will begin to finalize the adoption.  Everyone involved in the adoption will have to sign the legal papers, and then your adoption can be either denied or approved by the court.  Finally you have reached the final step: finalizing the adoption.  This is probably the easiest step.  The finalization of the process does not take long.  A hearing is usually held six to twelve months after the baby is born.  Once the hearing has been held, you are now what the adoption agency calls a forever family.Although adoption is a very rewarding process, there are several pros and cons.  One advantage to adoption is that you can rescue a child out of a very abusive home.  If a good nurturing family adopts a child out of an abusive environment, then that child will have a much greater chance at being able to enjoy their childhood with all the support and care they could ask for.  Another great advantage to adoption is the help that the biological parents can receive.  When a biological parent puts their child up for adoption, it is usually because they are incapable of caring for the said child whether it be physically, emotionally or financially.  One major benefit of adoption is the fact that families that are incapable of conceiving their own biological child have a chance to be a parental figure to a child in need. Along with the pros, there are cons.  One con of adoption is the long, drawn out process that adopting parents must go through in order to have a child.  When the process begins, the agency you choose will examine the adopting parents ability to care for and raise a child.  After the examination, the adopting parents will be placed on a waiting list which could take several months or years to get off of.  Another major disadvantage is the multiple expenses that an adoption has.  Although some adoptions are cheaper than others, they all remain very costly.   Even though the road to adoption is long and tiresome, it is very well worth it in the end.  Adoption is not always the best option for everyone wanting to have a child.  

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