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Microbiology

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Dr. Robinson

Bacterial Diversity

Domain: Bacteria

Kingdom: Bacteria

Phylum: Proteobacteria

Class: Gammaproteobacteria

Order: Pseudomonadales

Family: Pseudomonadaceae

Genus: Pseudomonas

Species: Pseudomonas oryzihabitans

Pseudomonas oryzihabitans is a nonfermenting yellow-pigmented, gram-negative,
rod-shaped bacterium. It is commonly found in soil and rice paddies. Pseudomonas
oryzihabitans is an opportunistic pathogen of humans and other
warm-blooded animals. P. oryzihabitans can
cause septicemia peritonitis, endophthalmitis,
and bacteremia.

Domain: Bacteria

Kingdom: Bacteria

Phylum: Chlamydiae

Class: Chlamydiae

Order: Chlamydiales

Family: Chlamydiaceae

Genus: Chlamydia

Species: Chlamydia
trachomatis

Chlamydia trachomatis, is one of four bacterial species in
the genus Chlamydia. Chlamydia trachomatis is an
obligate intracellular parasite of humans. Chlamydia is a genus
of pathogenic bacteria. Diseases caused by Chlamydia trachomatis include chlamydia, trachoma,
pneumonia, urethritis, pelvic inflammatory disease,
salpingitis, and cervicitis.

Domain: Bacteria

Kingdom: Bacteria

Phylum: Cyanobacteria

Class: Cyanophyceae

Order:  Chroococcales

Family: Microcystaceae

Genus: Microcystis

Species: Microcystis aeruginosa

Microcystis aeruginosa is a
phototrophic cyanobacterium. It grows easily in nutrient rich slow moving
water, pond or a lake. Cyanobacteria makes microcystin and cyanopeptolin.
Large blooms of Microcystis aeruginosa can be found on the surface of
bodies of water in the spring and summer. Ingestion of Microcystis
aeruginosa can lead to abdominal cramps, vomiting,
diarrhea, fever, sore throat and nausea.

Domain: Bacteria

Kingdom: Bacteria

Phylum: Spirochaetes

Class: Spirochaetes

Order:  Spirochaetales

Family: Spirochaetaceae

Genus: Treponema

Species: Treponema pallidum

Treponema pallidum is a spirochete bacterium. Spirochetes are gram
negative, spiral-shaped and motile. Spirochetes
have endocellular flagella, axial filaments. Treponema pallidum
is aerobic and has the virulence factor of motility, they are
non-endospore forming. T. pallidum is an obligate parasite of
humans, it can cause syphilis, bejel, pinta, and yaws.

Eukaryotic Microorganisms

Domain: Eukaryote

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Sac fungi

Class: Saccharomycetes

Order:   Saccharomycetales

Family: Saccharomycetaceae

Genus: Candida

Species: Candida albicans     

Candida albicans inhabits the mucosal membranes of humans and other warm-blooded
animals, where it grows as yeast and causes little or no damage. Candida
albicans is an opportunistic pathogenic, it can invade the mucosa and cause
significant damage. It can causes Candidiasis, which can be happen in the mouth
or vagina.

Domain: Eukaryote

Kingdom: Protozoa

Phylum: Amoebozoa

Class: Archamoebae

Order:   Amoebida

Family: Entamoebidae

Genus: Entamoeba

Species: Entamoeba histolytica 

Entamoeba histolytica is an anaerobic parasitic amoebozoa, part of
the genus Entamoeba.  Entamoeba
histolytica is commonly found in the colon or cecum. It predominately
infects humans and other primates causing amoebiasis. It can cause bloody
diarrhea as well as colonic ulcerations.

Domain: Eukaryote

Kingdom: Fungus

Phylum: Sac fungi

Class: Eurotiomycetes

Order: Onygenales

Family: Arthrodermataceae

Genus: Trichophyton

Species: Trichophyton rubrum

Trichophyton rubrum is a dermatophytic fungus in the
phylum Ascomycota. It colonizes the upper layers of dead skin, and is the
most common cause of fungal infection of nail, athlete’s foot,
ringworm worldwide, and jock itch.

Domain: Eukaryote

Kingdom: Excavata

Phylum: Metamonad

Class: Parabasalid

Order: Trichomonadida

Family: Trichomonadidae

Genus: Trichomonas

Species: Trichomonas vaginalis

Trichomonas vaginalis is an oblige intracellular parasite, it requires a human or
animal host, and is an anaerobic. It is
flagellated protozoan parasite and the causative agent
of trichomoniasis. It is the most common pathogenic protozoan
infection of humans in industrialized countries.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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