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Special Effects Have you ever wondered how cartoons were made or maybe how video game characters were created?  HistorySome might think that special effects are a new invention in the movies.  The history of special effects goes all the way back to the late 1800s. It was 1895 when Alfred Clarke and Thomas Edison created the first illusion which was a show about a girl that gets executed.  That was the first illusion ever to be made. They used a technique called stop motion where you do one thing stop the video make some sort of fake edition than put the two videos together.  They used a fake doll and cut it in half.  But back then they didn’t use makeup like we do nowMakeupWhen watching a movie or a tv show you might see a green goblin or an ogre or maybe even a human with a horse head.  Some of these characters might be wearing makeup! Now it’s not makeup that girls wear it’s movie makeup.  Movie makeup is used by first modeling out the form and shape they want with a clay.  Then they decide what colors they want to put on it.  They start by putting the mold on the actors face then covering it in different colors and detailed designs.  Makeup was inspired by drawings of mythical creatures.CGICGI is basically what creators use to make something completely coded become a visual illusion.  This is used for movies,shows,and even video games.  It starts of with a blueprint animation mostly sketched.  Then it is made into a 3D model.  Once that is done the characters or props are all colored by professionnels.  It is sent to other editors and they add any left out detail or things that need to be fixed.  There’s more than just computers though.  There’s cameras too!CamerasIf you are wanting to become a recorder or a movie producer the first step is having a good camera.  There are a lot of different cameras but the top 5 are D3300 Nikon Sony Alpha a6000 Canon EOS Rebel T5 Sony Alpha  a5000 Nikon D750When buying a camera you have to choose between brands and if it’s for video or pictures or both.  Also you have to see the best quality.  When shopping for one you should ask the electronic section to help you if your having trouble finding a camera.  But we don’t only use cameras for real life videos.  We use it for a bunch of stuff like claymation.Claymation Claymation is the same as any other stop motion just with clay.  You have to mold your characters and scenes and make slightly different movements.  It acts as if it’s moving clay when it’s really just a whole bunch of pictures.  When creating a clay character you want a clay that is soft and doesn’t harden up quick.  You want a base on the character so it doesn’t fall over in the middle of it.  These are just a few of many tips to use when creating a model.  Most characters are started of as clay than made into digital characters.Digital AnimationWe’ve all wondered how cartoons were made.  But we never actually took the time to find out.  Well i’ll tell you.  It’s called digital animation.  It’s just a bunch of pictures put in a storyboard and sped up to make a movement.  Every picture or drawing is a tiny bit different from the last one, when you play all the drawings like a slideshow and speed it up a lot it makes an animation/movement.  So hopefully you have learned enough to get you interested in special effects.  I invite you to try it, you might enjoy it.Text resources:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r5eeO_xLxSMhttps://www.ukessays.com/essays/film-studies/the-history-of-visual-effects-film-studies-essay.phphttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Od1iixcnotk=40sPicture resources:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Execution_of_Mary_Stuarthttp://indianexpress.com/article/entertainment/hollywood/guardians-of-the-galaxy-vol-2-actor-dave-bautista-transformation-to-drax-watch-video-4649331/http://www.emory.edu/LIVING_LINKS/research/animations.shtmlhttp://bronxvillelibrary.org/claymation-1/

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