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Summary of Conservatism

In this
summary , it will be discussed that main objectives which are related to
conservatism under the light of detailed explanation . The term of conservatism
has many different meanings in everyday life . Moderate or cautious behavior
may point to a lifestyle that is conventional , even conformist or fearful of
changing or refusing to change , in particular a so-called ‘to conserve’ . Conservatism
was first used to describe a different political position or ideology at the
beginning of the nineteenth century . In the United States , it brought a
pessimistic view to public affairs . When it came to the 1820s , this term was
used to refer to the principles underlying the French Revolution and the anti-spirituality
that accompanies it in 1789 . In England , Conservative gradually changed the ‘
Tory ‘ , and in 1835 the title of the main opposition party Whigs , which
became the official name of the party , was titled .

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Conservatism
is defined by the political will as the desire for change , and change is most
likely reflected in resistance or at least change . Nevertheless , while the
desire for resistance to change may be a repetitive theme in conservatism , what
separates conservatism as way of thinking ( an ideology ) from opponent
political beliefs is the distinct path that this position is endorsed . Conservative
ideology is made up of the main themes of tradition , human imperfection ,
organic society , authority and property . And as a main idea , the
conservative reflects the accumulation of tradition , the accumulated wisdom of
the past , the institutions and practices tested over time ; to the benefit of
life and future generations . Conservatives associate human nature with
pessimistic at least three senses . First , people are limited , dependent ,
and looking for security . Secondly , they are flawed by morally corrupt ,
selfish , greedy and powerless thirst . The third , human rationality , can not
withstand the endless world complexity . And therefore the preferences of
defining conservative belief pragmatism and beliefs as a mental attitude rather
than an ideology . The belief that society will be seen as an organic whole
emphasizes that institutions and values have emerged with natural obligation and must be protected to protect the fragile social texture . The
conservative authority sees social integration as a foundation also it provides
human being feel who human being are in society , what they expect from them
and the hierarchical structure within the human being reflects on all social
institutions . Conservatives are valuable in property because they give people
a measure of security and independence of the government and at the same time it
emphasize that the importance of respecting the property of others and the laws
.

However,
there are important sections within the conservative system of thought . Authoritarian
conservatism is clearly autocratic and reactionary ; emphasizes that the above
government is the only aim of issuing orders and is therefore different from
the more pragmatic and modest Anglo – American conservatism arising from Edmund
Burke’s writing . Paternalistic conservatism construct on a prudence
combination and principle, arguing that both the above reforms are downwards
from the revolution and that the rich have the obligation to fulfill the duty
of the lesser-privileged, the privileged price . Such thoughts were most
effectively uttered by Benjamin Disraeli . This tradition has been improved in
the most advanced form in the form of a Nation Conservatism that advocates a
moderate approach to state – market relations and provides qualified assistance
to Economic Management and Welfare . Libertarian conservatism is supposed to be
the most feasible economic freedom that reflects laissez-faire liberalism , and
at least as far as possible the state will organize social life, but bases it
on a belief in a more traditional , conservative social philosophy that
emphasizes the significance of authority and function . So tradition is very
important at this point, which is the root of New Right theory and values .

Conservative
ideas and doctrines appeared in the late 18th and early 19th
centuries . These have emerged in many ways as a reaction to the increasing
economic and social change symbolized by the French Revolution . While
liberalism was working on the resistance to the emergence of socialism and
nationalism , conservatism stopped to defend the increasingly complicated traditional
order of society . Authoritarian conservatism began to root in Europe , but
with the development of constitutionalism and democracy , it became
increasingly marginalized and in the end of the collapse of fascism that it
collaborated with . The Disraeli conservative form of Burkes demonstrated to be
more successful using the idea of change to save money ; it permitted
conservatism to broaden its communal and electoral ground by adapting values
such as tradition , authority and hierarchy to the arising circumstances of social
politics . The remarkable resistance of conservative views arises from
ideological attention and political resilience and, at different times , adopts
prosperous and it is interventionist politics which like manifestations of a
nation ideal and allows the defeat of the state to be withdrawn as the New
Right suggests .

On the other
hand , conservative thinking was open to accusations that the ideology of the
ruling class was nothing else . While declaring the need for change resistance,
legitimate the state of affairs and defend the interests of sovereign or elite groups
. Other critics claim that the divisions between the New Right and traditional
conservatism are so deep , and that the conservative tradition is totally
inconsistent . The Conservatives claim that in their defenses , human nature
and societies we are part of that are only some of our time , but tasteless ,
they have improved the truths of the truths . These people are morally and
intellectually flawed and underline the wisdom of circulating the ideological
light terms only to look for the security that  authority , common culture and tradition can
offer . Conservatives say that experience and history will provide a firmer
basis for political action than ever before , such as the abolition of
principles such as equality , independent and fairness .

Bu?ra Sarper Seçen

                                                                                                                             
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