The book Jinnah Creator of Pakistan is a famous
book written by Hector Bolitho. He was born in New Zeeland. He was a Biographer
and had written for the Royal families. His famous books are; Reign of Queen
Victoria; Victoria and Albert; and Victoria etc.
In this book, he has written
the stories and valuations of Muhammad
Ali Jinnah which has been collected from Quaid’s companions and associates.
The author has tingled all the personal and political events of Quaid’s life
The author begins with the
background of Jinnah’s ancestors in Kathiawar
and their resettlement in Karachi.
Bolitho states Jinnah’s life clearly from his infanthood to a young politician.
His belief in himself was unbelievable. By getting inspiration from Dadabhai
Nauroji and Gokhale, he joined Congress
in 1906. He advised youth to not
enter in politics until they have not secure their future.
Besides the tale of
M.A.Jinnah, the author explains the history of ancient Lahore and Punjab, its streets and places, the rivers and
its rulers. The services of Sir Syed
Ahmed Khan and Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar are also appreciated.
The author returns back on
Quaid’s history and says that the Liberalism
influenced Jinnah during his stay in England during his studies and therefore,
he joined politics. In the same year The All
India Muslim League was formed
in Dhaka on 30th December 1906 for the welfare of Muslims.
In 1909, M.A.Jinnah was
elected as a member of Imperial Legislative Council and in 1913, he was
nominated for the second time. He was flourishing rapidly. Quaid and Ghokale
became good friends due to same good abilities and positive thinking towards
In London, in 1913, he
decided to join Muslim League. He helped in the formation of London Indian
Association. Sir William Weddeourn
defined Jinnah as a man of position in India.
In 1915, joint session of
Congress and Muslim League was held and remained successful. In 1916, Jinnah
arranged another joint session of both parties. He was known as an “Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity”. But
in 1916, Gandhi ruined the plan of Unity of Jinnah by different acts. In 1917,
he joined Home Rule League as the President.
Jinnah was married once in
his sixteen, but his wife Amai Bai died soon after marriage. In the age of 41,
he married with the daughter of Sir Dins haw Petite. It was a love marriage. After two to three years
of his marriage, he left all the Public offices except Muslim League. That year
his daughter Dina Jinnah was born. Jinnah focused more on his career than the
politics those days.
In 1923, he was elected for Central Legislative Assembly and in
1926, he was elected again for this post. In 1928, Nehru’s Report was represented by J.L.Nehru. Jinnah was hurt a lot
by the shortsightedness of report for the Muslims. In those days, his wife Rati
Bai Jinnah died. He was very upset, but on 20th
March1929, Jinnah represented his Historical
Fourteen points against Nehru report which were not accepted by the
Nationalist Muslim party and Congress.
In 1930, 1st Round Table Conference
was held in London. Important decisions were made but nothing could be finalized
due to the absence of the Congress. In 2nd Round table Conference
Quaid was very disturbed and he did not attended the 3rd Round table
He was very disheartened and
settled in England. In 1933, Rana Liaquat Ali Khan, persuaded him to lead Muslim
nation and Muslim League. Jinnah returned in 1934 and was elected as an
Independent member of Central Legislative. In 1935,”Government of Indian Act” was passed. In those days, Muslim-Sikhs quarrels was started.
Quaid cold down the matters. He became more famous among public.
Elections held in 1937 in
which Congress took the lead. Nehru declared that there were only two nations in India, Hindus and British. Quaid argued that
there was a third nation, Muslims in
India. On 23rd March 1940, A.K. Fazal-ul-Haq
represented “Lahore Resolution” in
Lahore for the separate state of Muslims of India which was latter known as “Pakistan Resolution”. Muhammad Ali
Jinnah was titled as “Quaid-e-Azam”
by the Public.
After few years of the
Pakistan Resolution, on 14th
August 1947, Pakistan appeared
on the map of the world. Quaid remained ill seriously for a long time period
but in 1948, he left the nation and died. He was buried in Karachi. He was a
great Personality and a great
This book has shown a very
soft corner of British for the
Muslims, but it was not in real. They were not good with the Muslims of India.
This book is related to Quiad-e-Azam, but a large portion of some parts is
describing the history of Lahore and Punjab before the Quaid’s birth. That
portion is irrelevant to the title
of the book.
This book is a great source
for the History students and for
those who are interested to know about Quaid deeply. The pictures of important
scenes and buildings help to imagine the scenes in front of the reader’s eyes.
The services of other Muslim leaders
are also described in this book, which are helpful in getting information about
most of the Heroes of Nation.