TRANSFORMING WORDS INTO A VISUAL
A storyboard is a
graphic blue-print of the film in the form of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing a motion picture, animation, motion graphic or interactive media sequence.
In other words, a storyboard is an illustrated
outline of the shots that make up an Animation /Feature film. When you set out
to make a movie, the more planning ahead you can do, the better. Figuring out
exactly what you’ll be doing during a shoot saves your crew time and labor, and
saves you, the producer and/or director, from cost overruns and production
Every animation should have a storyboard. Like the script, it’s a cheap
and easy way to make changes and refine the story before production begins.
ELEMENT OF STORY BOARDING
The first primary element of a storyboard is
the story it tells. By creating the story in sequential order on a storyboard,
the creator can visually see if the story makes sense, is complete or is
missing in key information. A storyboard also helps the creator organize and
insert key details and points from the story in a logical manner.
A storyboard also contains the characters in
the story which is an important element of a storyboard. When creating a
storyboard, most creators use pen or pencil and are not concerned with making
the characters look good in order to save time. Some people even use stick
figures instead of drawing complete characters. The storyboard illustrates the
actions of the characters, such as the way they are moving or what they are
Dialogue is also an element of a storyboard.
A storyboard not only shows the characters in the story, but also shows what
the characters are saying and the speech of the characters is called dialogue.
It can also illustrate the tone of voice the characters use, such as the
loudness of the words, or specific types of feelings that words can produce,
such as anger, sarcasm or excitement.
Time frame is another most important element
of storyboard. Storyboards also contain notes about time frames, such as how
much time will be used in a specific scene, or how much time passes between
frames. This element of a storyboard helps writers narrow down a story to a
specific amount of time.
terms are commonly used in the production of storyboards, especially when
referring to the camera details. The storyboard illustrates where the camera
should be positioned, and shows which frames are close-up shots or shots with a
moving camera. Other camera terms include ‘Dissolve’, which occurs when the
camera fades out of one shot and into another and ‘Zoom’, which is when the
camera moves close to the picture.
The first and the foremost step is to take a look at
your script and break it down scene by scene or shot by shot. Typically, people
choose to make groups of 4-6 cells (a cell is a single frame of storyboard), to
ensure large enough cells and nice placement on standard paper (8 ½ by 11 inches)
when printed. Begin the storyboarding process by labeling your scenes, writing
the directions, adding character dialogue, and placing imagery.
Here is a breakdown of the parts of each cell. (Add
the typical 90-120 pages of a feature length movie is a long and arduous
process. Even producing the 30-second commercial may demand great effort on the
filmmaker. That’s why scenes need to be broken down into chunks first. Separate
the scenes out and work them piecemeal as you assemble the larger overall work.
do we identify “a scene” anyway? Scenes are usually defined by two things:
place and time. Broadly speaking, any action taking place at a single
place/location is termed as a Scene; if the location changes, we term it as
Once you’ve identified the scenes, organize
them into a single document, in the absolute chronological order as they would
appear on screen after your final edit. You can scratch this on paper or in a
Word document. Make sure that the document is simple and to the point. It’s
just a reference tool to visualize your storyboard from, albeit a very
the Scene Down into Shots
where the filmmaker really needs to employ the imagination. The trick here is
to see the edit of the film before a frame is shot or created (in case of
Animation). Each storyboard drawing should correspond to how the filmmaker
anticipates the camera will be viewing the action, and any significant motion
that either the camera or the scene’s inhabitants will be making. Grab your
script and study the scene. Conjure up what your assembled shots will flow
like. Will the camera be changing angles? Will there be motion of a character
or prop? Will the location change?
Identify the types
of Shots to be used in the Animation
Once you have broken
down a Scene into shots, next step is to identify whether the shot is a
Close-up, or Mid-shot, or is it a Long-shot? This is a very crucial step, as
your selection of the Shot-type will have a direct visual and emotional impact
on the viewers. For example, if a character in your film is suddenly taken by
surprise, you may wish to use a Close-up shot of the character as it will show the
details of the facial expressions of the character; a smile on the lips, a glow
in the eyes and so on. Whereas in a Long-shot, you wouldn’t be able to see any
details. Each Storyboard cell represents a single shot of the film.
Take note of the
details while creating the Storyboard
Storyboards need not
be detailed, but it is always good to have some idea of the details like what
is the Background in a given shot- is it outdoors in a field or is it indoors
in a living room? How is the lighting in the shot? What all props (Properties
or articles, say, a flower vase, books, or a table lamp etc.) are there in the
shot? Is the shot static or do we see movement of the Camera or the Character
in the shot? What kind of movement it is- is the camera panning sideways
following a Character or is it zooming-in to the Character?
Keep visuals simple
Visuals should be kept simple and uncomplicated. Everything that appears
on the screen should be there for a reason.
Focus on the big picture
In the beginning it’s important to keep your eye on the overall story and
how the big ideas fit together, instead of getting caught up in the details of
every scene. Once you get that right, the details will be easier to manage.
ADD Storyboard Samples Images
the following questions:
Q.1 what is storyboarding and how it helps?
Q.2 which are the basic elements that make
up a storyboard?
Q.3 what are the guidelines to be kept in
mind while creating a storyboard?
Q.4 Create a storyboard of the script you
had written in the previous chapter?
Q5. Create a single cell of the storyboard
and explain how and where all the elements of the storyboard are placed?